Does the baby have the right posture? Find out how babies develop their posture as they grow and meet milestones such as crawling, sitting, walking, and more.
We all grew up hearing endless instructions to sit straight and not slouch. We may have been annoying when we were children but as adults, we realize the value of these directions, particularly when we spend more and more time hunching over our phones or laptops!
But it is not only the posture of adults that needs attention, even the posture of your baby that matters. Yeah, we know babies aren’t sitting at desks all day, but they do need a healthy posture to ensure that their bones, muscles and joints grow the right way. If the bone alignment isn’t right, the muscles can try to overcompensate, resulting in a lack of proper balance and coordination. What’s more, proper posture is also essential to fine and gross motor skills development.
Since babies are continually growing and becoming stronger, we need to recognize the baby’s posture for each milestone separately. The bones and muscles of babies normally mature in such a way as to be ready to reach the next physical milestone. Let’s look at how the alignment of the body takes place over various periods, so you can check:
You’ll have time to notice her posture when your baby is home from the hospital. Since babies spend the majority of the early weeks resting, during naps and bedtime, you should maintain good posture. Consider positioning them where the head and shoulders are near the body’s midline. Should not use a rocker or bouncer to bring the baby to sleep. If you’d like to avoid a flat head, alternate the baby’s head position, always making sure the head doesn’t tilt forward and the airway is free.
She will enjoy some tummy time on the floor while your baby’s head and neck get higher. By 3 months, most babies have developed sufficient strength to raise their heads above body level. They can raise the head at an angle of 45 degrees, at first; later they can bring it up to 90 degrees. Babies support themselves while pushing up on their forearms or hands. They will start kicking their legs even as they get bigger.
For babies, tummy time is very important to strengthen all the muscles required for upcoming milestones, such as rolling over, crawling and sitting. Ensure enough tummy time every day, and if the floor is cold place a soft rug. Place around him some of the baby’s favourite toys so he’s able to look up and reach out for them. You may also use a pillow for tummy time to prop up the infant.
Sitting with Support
Early on, using pillows or in bassinets, most parents put their babies in a half-seated, half-lying position that is protected. However, the majority of babies can sit well with support by 5-6 months, which is generally the age babies begin eating solid food. Even babies of this generation have lost the ‘head lag’ when they are pushed with their hands into a sitting position.
Throughout this age, help needs to be given to the baby’s lower back, bottom and thighs, but he can typically stabilize himself, using his arms to prop up. This is called the seating position on a tripod. This helps babies to develop a strong core and gives them confidence that they can use both hands-frees.
Sitting without Support
Around 8 months most babies have gained adequate core strength and balance to sit for at least some time without assistance. They still use their weapons for equilibrium, but now they have far more leverage, so there is fewer sides dropping.
At this age, one common issue is sitting with a ‘curved back.’ It could happen for a number of reasons and it is best to resolve it early. Maybe their muscles are not yet strong enough, in which case they need help a little longer, and in the future, you will prevent a rounded back and a bad stance.
Crawling is a very complex practice, and is typically the first way for the infant to move about. Because of the different muscles and parts of the body involved in crawling, there are many combinations that result in different types of crawling.
Encourage your baby to challenge her by having things like cushions and pillows around. Ensure the space is safe and open by taking appropriate child-proofing measures.
If you’re keeping your 5-month-old upright, you’ll see them straightening their legs, struggling to stand upright and bear their own weight. This means that their body is getting ready to stand. Some babies will pull themselves up to a standing position by 7 months, holding on to the furniture.
Balance is a problem at this point. Babies begin by standing on their foreheads, gradually learning to balance the entire foot. Normally, the feet are split at hip-width, the body is slightly bent forward, and they can easily topple. Babies soon become stronger so they can support themselves with one hand, while the other hand is free to hold a toy or do something else. It’s also tough to get back down and sometimes they fall on their bottoms. Please make sure the floor is comfortable to support your falls.
By 9 months it gets much easier to pull up to a standing position. They know how to get down over time-by bending the knees and using the hands to go down in front of them. As your baby does this multiple times a day, she reinforces her hips, knees and ankles, which are crucial for walking preparations. Many babies start by being able to stand for about 2 seconds independently, which then increases as their balance improves.
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